Category Archives: Economics

Crawshaw, Brymer census area bright spot

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In the Crawshaw/Brymer area, Mooney Park neighbourhood stands out as a bright area: it has population growth; it is close to schools and has plenty of leisure areas, which is attracting young people whose incomes are increasing at a rate above Hamilton’s average, between 2001 and 2013.

Mooney Park

Mooney St is one of the closest residential areas to Wintec’s Avalon Campus (2.2km 10min cycle 25 min walk) and the large employment areas between Avalon Dr and the railway.

Crawshaw Brymer Pop Change 01-13 Crawshaw Brymer Age Change 01-13  Crawshaw Brymer Income Change 01-13

It is notable that the Brymer area (lower area of image) has double digit population growth. The new residents tend to be older, with higher than average incomes, which is nice. However, these incomes are not increasing at the same rate as the average person in Hamilton city or Crawshaw. The local parks are very good, but the area has limited land use diversity, reducing the long term attractiveness for younger people. Let’s say Brymer has Location (accommodation), Location (parks), Location (something maybe missing at this point).

Post card from Hann. Munden Rail station

In 2015 I spent the best part of a week in Hann. Munden. This post benchmarks its rail service compared to what we could have in Hamilton NZ (pop 156,800: density 1,400 p/km2).

To help understand the population base that supports the Hann. Munden rail service, let’s first note there are two rail services between the city of Gottingen (pop 116,891: density 1,000 p/km2) and the city of Kassel (pop 194,747: density 1,800 p/km2). The blue line is a direct service (19 minutes, distance of about 50km), which then continues on to Frankfurt. I interpret this as a fast, two trains per hour service. Link – Gottingen to Kassel time table

The second is the green line, which is a local Gottingen to Kassel (60 minutes) service passing through the rail station at Hann. Munden (pop 23,668: density 200 p/km2). I regard this as an hourly service. Link – Hann. Munden station time table

Hann Munden Rail Map

Now to bench mark this against a Hamilton rail service, listing equally sized population bases as in the table below.

City/Town – Population Population base Distance
Hamilton – 156,800

Morrinsville – 7,490

Tauranga – 124,600

288,890 100 km
Kassel – 194,747

Hann. Munden – 23,668

Gottingen – 116,891

335,406 50 km
Hamilton – 156,800

Ngaruawahia – 5,100

Huntly – 7,670

Pukekohe – 29,000

Manukau – 375,700

574,270 100 km

The challenge Hamilton faces is that it is twice the distance to reach a supporting population, making the travel time between cities over 1 hour.

But is this a real issue? The blue line in the Hann. Munden map is a fast city-to-city service; the green line is about picking up people in smaller towns. The Hamilton to Auckland service should be very much about servicing the towns between our main centres; we must not just focus on travel between the two major cities, but more on supporting the people in the towns between, where most would be happy to choose journeys of about an hour. This would include trips between Te Kauwhata and Hamilton (50km) or Mercer and Ellerslie (50km).

Hann Munden cantus train Hann Munden Train ticket ATM

Image: Cautus train Hann.Munden station & Ticket machine on DB train to Kassel

It’s also important to note that Gottingen and Hann. Munden are in the state of Lower Saxony, while Kassel is in the state of Hesse. These are very different places, with different histories, but are focused on giving access to the maximum number of people travelling between their cities.

The New Zealand approach often feels as though it limits the movement of people that live between city centres. Outside of Auckland we get very good funding to support road traffic, which is OK unless you need to visit Auckland. Then you are wasting time. Once in Auckland, only a local can predict travel times; for an outsider the motorway network can feel like being in a swampy river-mouth lagoon at high tide.